Oral hygiene is one of the most important components of good health. It is not just about preventing tooth decay, but also about keeping your teeth and gums healthy, so you can avoid future problems and have a wonderful smile for a lifetime.
Periodontitis is a severe condition that impacts the teeth and gums. According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 47 percent of adults in the United States over the age of 30 suffer from periodontal disease. The percentage goes up to 70 percent for people 65 years and older. Also, the report shows this issue is more common in men, underserved communities, and those that smoke.
Signs of Periodontitis
Some of the symptoms of this disease can include inflammation, resulting in bleeding and swollen gums. Also, you might experience a progression of gaps between your teeth and the gums pulling away from them as well, exposing the roots. Bad breath, loose teeth, and painful chewing can also occur. Sometimes, this malady can start as gingivitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that leads to plaque buildup. If left to accumulate on the teeth, the plaque will harden and progress to tarter. The tarter filled with bacteria and other pathogens will lead to irritation of the gums and the surrounding areas. Left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis, with the teeth falling out.
After being diagnosed with periodontitis, your healthcare will offer you various treatments specific to your requirements. They can suggest:
Scaling - Bacteria from periodontitis produce bacteria that are toxic and can cause pus forming underneath the gums. Scaling is a technique those in the dental profession use to eliminate the hardened tartar on and around the teeth, and underneath the gum line. This method can be done with dental tools, ultrasound equipment, or a laser.
Root Planing - Root planing is a common and effective process for treating periodontitis. This approach is minimally invasive and requires local anesthesia. As the tarter advances below the gum line, it can cause the gums to recede and lead to inflammation and infection. The infection can affect the heart, blood and more. An incision is made in the gums, and then the root and the pus-filled areas are cleaned, disinfected and flattened out. After this is done, it will hinder the spread of bacteria and other conditions that can affect the teeth, gums, and mouth in the future.
Surgery - In extreme cases, such as when the gum tissue is damaged or the bones are destroyed, the dentist may tell the patient they need to get surgery. This includes flap surgery, soft or bone tissue grafts.
How to Avoid Periodontitis
Brush and Floss Regularly
Eat a Balanced Diet With Emphasis on Veggies and Fruit
Do Not Smoke
Get Frequent Check Ups From Your Dentist
Overall, periodontitis is a serious infection that can lead to tooth loss. Although it is a common dental issue, it can be prevented through proper oral care. By brushing and flossing regularly, and seeing a dentist for regular checkups, you can help keep your teeth and gums healthy and avoid periodontitis.